Test your knowledge
1. What is circular economy?
Model of production and consumption, which involves sharing, leasing, reusing, repairing, refurbishing and recycling existing materials and products as long as possible
Model based on a take-make-consume-throw away pattern
An economic system of closed loops in which raw materials, components and products lose their value as little as possible
2. demographic question?
3. How many percent of raw materials used in Europe become waste before the product leaves the factory?
4. Principles of circular economy are:
Design out waste and pollution; keep products and materials in use; regenerate natural systems
Maintain current system of recycling; avoid pollution increase
5. What does “closed-loop recycling” mean?
Using of materials that are recyclable only once
Self-sufficient process that utilizes recyclable materials that can maintain their quality in the entire cycle
6. Over the past decade, water consumed per car produced reduced by 31% thanks to:
Reducing production of new vehicles by 10%
Employing recirculation technologies that promote re-use of water while also limiting consumption
7. Pre-competitive innovation programme established to enable organizations to develop new opportunities and carry out their circular economy ambitions faster is called:
Circular Economy 2015
Circular Economy 100
8. Which car manufacturer is one of the strategic partners of Circular Economy 100?
9. The New Action Economy Plan adopted by European Parliament demands:
Additional measures to achieve a carbon-neutral, environmentally sustainable, toxic-free and fully circular economy by 2050
Adjustments to cut carbon emissions by 50% and to achieve partial circular economy using sustainable materials by 2050
Adjustments to cut carbon emissions by 30% and to achieve partial circular economy using sustainable materials by 2030
10. A circular future is not guaranteed for the auto industry. It depends on the rise of 3 simultaneous trends. Which are those?
High vehicle use models (such as ride hailing, car sharing, etc.)
Adoption of modular designs and low carbon circular materials during vehicle design
Conversion of the distribution and maintenance network into collection, re-manufacturing and recycling centers
Higher production of new vehicles to enhance cash flow in the auto industry