Lesson 8: NATIONAL LEGISLATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA – SPECIAL FLOW OF WASTE
In this lesson, we will delve into the specifics of waste management and the unique challenges associated with various waste streams, as per the legislation in the Republic of Serbia.
- Special Flow of Waste in Serbia (2030 Estimates)
- Anticipated generation of waste in 2030:
- Waste Vehicles: 102,000 tonnes
- Waste Tyres: 90,000 tonnes
- Spent Car Batteries: 15,000 to 18,000 tonnes
- Used Portable Batteries Collection (Estimates):
- 0.04 kg per citizen (2025)
- 0.05 kg per citizen (2027)
- 0.06 kg per citizen (2031)
- Waste Oil: 22,000 to 30,000 tonnes
- Infrastructure and Managing Special Waste Flows
- Besides reducing biodegradable waste in landfills, specific targets for recycling and reuse of unique waste flows must be met.
- These targets include:
- Recycling and reuse of packaging waste
- Collecting, recycling, and reusing electric and electronic equipment waste
- Collecting and recycling of batteries and car batteries
- Recycling and reuse of waste vehicles
- Recycling of construction waste (excluding excavated dirt)
2.1. Waste Vehicle Collection
- To establish a network for waste vehicle collection:
- Waste vehicle collection stations in major cities (Uzice, Kraljevo, Novi Sad, Valjevo, Nis)
- Five collection stations in Belgrade
- Two in each of the other waste management regions
2.2. Managing Waste Oils
- Existing capacities for waste oil treatment (thermal treatment and recycling) already exceed current collection amounts.
- Estimated potential treatment capacity:
- 25,000 tonnes for recycling/reuse
- 16,000 tonnes for energy production
- Key actions include enhancing separate waste oil collection and ensuring compliance with regulations.
2.3. Waste Tyres Management
- Develop a system for separate waste tyre collection and treat all separately collected waste tyres.
- Ensure the annual recycling of at least 80% of the mass of separately collected waste tyres.
- Strengthening Institutional Capacities
- Special Goal: Strengthen the capacities of institutions in the waste management field and align regulations with European Union standards.
- Measure 4.1: Continuation of harmonizing the legal framework with EU regulations.
- The goal is to align Serbian waste legislation with EU standards, addressing differences outlined in chapters 2.1 and 2.2 of this program.
- Continuous development of the legal framework for supporting the circular economy in the EU necessitates ongoing adjustments to Serbian waste legislation.
- Understanding and managing the special flow of waste is crucial for effective waste management in Serbia.
- Adequate infrastructure, legal alignment with EU standards, and targeted actions are essential to address the challenges posed by various waste streams.
- Serbia’s commitment to harmonizing its regulations with the EU demonstrates its dedication to environmental sustainability.